Syllabus , Books and Previous Year Question Paper of UP Police SI Exam

The Uttar Pradesh Police Department is inviting applications for the recruitment on 2500 posts of Sub-Inspector (SI) under its fresh SI recruitment 2015. now those who are prepare for this examination or who will apply for this posts can check here the latest exam syllabus and previous exam question paper also download pdf file in Hindi of UP SI exam syllabus from here check the full details here

UP Police SI Syllabus 2015 :-

General Hindi:- Tatsam & Tadbhav, Sandhi, Samas, Ras, Paryaywachi, Lokokti and Muhavre, Ling, Vachan, Kaarak, Kaal, Beloom, Anekarthi Shabd, Alankar.

Law & Constitution:- General Knowledge about Indian Constitution, Aim of Constitution, Fundamental Rights, Directive principles, Rules & Regulations of constitutional Amendments, All India Service, Information about social Law related to women, children, Reservation of SC/ ST, Environment, Wild Life Conservation, Human Rights, Traffic Rules, National Security Issues, Principle of Crime Punishment, Right of Self Defence, General Knowledge about Law.

General Knowledge :- Questions will be designed to test the ability of the candidate’s general awareness of the environment around him and its application to society. Questions will also be designed to test knowledge of current events and of such matters of everyday observation and experience in their scientific aspects as may be expected of an educated person. The test will also include questions relating to India and its neighboring countries especially pertaining to Sports, History, Culture, Geography, Economic scene, General Polity including Indian Constitution and Scientific Research etc. These questions will be such that they do not require a special study of any discipline. This is topic is huge so applicants are advised to go through Newspaper daily and read good GK books and other notes.

General Intelligence:- It would include questions of both verbal and non-verbal type. The test will include questions on analogies, similarities and differences, space visualization, problem solving, analysis, judgment, decision making, visual memory, discriminating observation, relationship concepts, verbal and figure classification, arithmetical number series, non-verbal series etc. The test will also include questions designed to test the candidates’ abilities to deal with abstract ideas and symbols and their relationship, arithmetical computation and other analytical functions.

Physical Efficiency Test (PET)

This test is only for qualified candidates in Documentation & PST. There will be a race in this test of qualifying nature.
Race –
Male – 4.8 KMs in 24 minutes.
Female – 2.4 KMs in 16 minutes.

Exam Pattern:- 

Mains written exam will be of 400 marks consisting of multiple choice questions.

Previous Year Papers of UP SI Exam :-

Books for UP SI Exam :-

UP Police Sub Inspector Recruitment 2015

UP police SI recruitment 2015
UP Police will Recruit 2064 Sub Inspector (SI) in 2015. Official Notification Regarding this Recruitment Notification Is Available Now by UP Police Recruitment & Promotion Board.
Detail of Vacancies :
Sub Inspector (Male) : – 1652 posts
Sub Inspector (Female) : – 412 posts

Age Limit for SI : 
Candidates Age should have Between 21 to 28 Years. 
For OBC- 21 to 31 Years
For SC/ST- 21 to 33 Years
Pay Scale :-
Sub Inspector (Male) :– Rs. 9300-34,800 Grade Pay Rs. 4200/-
Sub Inspector (Female) :– Rs. 9300-34,800 Grade Pay Rs. 4200/-
Qualification : Any Graduation Degree with 50% Marks from Any Recognized University
Physical Efficiency Test :-
Race– For Male 4.8 Km. in 28 Minutes. and for Female Candidates 2.4 Km. in 16 Minutes.
Application Fee : 
Rs. 400/- (Rupees For Hundred Only) The Application Fees Will Be Collected Through E-Challan & Debit Card, Credit card, Internet Banking Mode Only.
How to Apply : 
Interested eligible candidates should apply Online only Any other mode of submission of application would not be accepted For detailed advertisement & procedure log on to Online submission of application will start in the month of October, 2015.

Advertisement Details for Woman SI Bharti click here
Advertisement Details for Man SI Posts click here
For Apply Online Click Here

Profit and Loss shortcut tricks and concept

As we all know profit and loss question is the very import part of any competitive exam. Math is not hard to study but we need to score more in less time so we need shortcut and tricks to solve them. here we discussed  the shortcut tricks with proper explanation. This will not only make you understand it better but will also let you complete the questions in lesser time. 

Cost Price-The price at which an article is purchased is called its cost price (C.P.)
Selling Price-The price at which the article is sold is called its selling price (S.P.)

Loss = C.P. - S.P.
Gain% = {Gain*100}/{C.P.}
Loss% = {Loss*100}/{C.P.}

When there are two successive Profit of x % and y % then the resultant profit per cent is given by [x + y+ (x*y/100)]
If there is a Profit of x% and loss of y % in a transaction, then the resultant profit or loss% is given by [x – y - (x*y/100)]

If a cost price of m articles is equal to the selling Price of n articles, then Profit percentage

If cost price of 'a' articles is equal to the selling price of 'b' articles, then profit percentage
= (a – b)/b  × 100%
Example If cost price of 20 articles is equal to the selling price of 18 articles, then profit percentage.
Soln. Given that a = 20, b = 18
According to formula,
Profit % = (20 – 18)/18  × 100%
= 2/18  × 100% = 100/9  = 11 1/9 %

If a shopkeeper sells his goods at a% loss on cost price but uses b g instead of c g. then, his percentage profit or loss is
= [ (100 – a) c – 100 ]/b %
As sign positive or negative.
Example If a dealer sells goods at 6% loss on cost price but uses 14 g instead of 16 g. what is his percentage profit or loss?
Soln. Given that a = 6%, b = 14 g, C = 16g
According to formula,
Required answer = [ (100 – 6) 16 – 100 ] %
= ( 752 – 700 ) /7% = 52/7 % = 7 3/7 % gain
+ve sign shows that there is a gain.

A shopkeeper when sells on object for Rs. 900, then he faces loss which is equal to half of the profit gained if the object is sold for Rs. 1200. Find cost price.

C.P. = 900+100  or  1200 - 200

    =Rs 1000

BHEL jobs for Engineer Trainees in Anywhere in India

BHEL offers a challenging and rewarding career to young and dynamic Engineering graduates in the disciplines of Mechanical, Electrical, Electronics and Metallurgy. Candidates interested in joining BHEL as Engineer Trainees are required to take the Graduate Aptitude Test In Engineering 2016

Engineer Trainees jobs opportunity in BHEL Through GATE-2016

BHEL offers a challenging and rewarding career to young and dynamic Engineering graduates in the disciplines of Mechanical, Electrical, Electronics and Metallurgy. Candidates interested in joining BHEL as Engineer Trainees are required to take the Graduate Aptitude Test In Engineering 2016

Discipline/GATE Subject Code/No. of Vacancies

Mechanical/ME/ 115

Electrical/ EE/ 60

Electronics/ EC/ 15

Metallurgy/ MT/ 10

Pay Scale : Rs. 20,600 - Rs. 46,500)

Note : The number of vacancies indicated above is tentative. Actual requirement may vary based on further assessment. The requirement is for Manufacturing Units I Divisions and various Project Sites of BHEL spread across the country. For full details-log onto BHEL recruitment website:

Topic Wise detail analysis of FCI Exam

We are providing you the detailed analysis of the FCI paper held atdifferent Zone on different date But North region Paper schedule on 4thOctober 2015 (morning and Evening shift). It is very important for you all to go through this analysis, as it can help you for the coming north Zone FCI Exam.The detailed analysis and Topic Wise Breakup of the exam is given below.

Quantitative Aptitude (Topic-wise break-up of the paper)

Number of Questions
Data Interpretation
Number System
Percentage/ Profit, Loss & Discount
Time , Speed and Distance
Ratio/Allegation/ Average
Time and Work

English Language & Comprehension (Topic-wise break-up of the paper)

Number of Questions
Sentence Improvement
Sentence Completion
Wrongly Spelt Words
Reading Comprehension
One Word Substitution
Spotting Error
Para Jumble

General Knowledge (Topic-wise break-up of the paper)

Number of Questions
General Science
Current Affairs

General Intelligence (Topic-wise break-up of the paper)

Number of Questions
Word Arrangement
Odds  an  out
Number/Alphanumeric series
Logical/syllogism Reasoning
Venn  Diagram
Coding - decoding

General Science Quiz For SSC CHSL And FCI Exam 2015

1.The function of heavy water in a nuclear reactor is to
A. Slow down the speed of neutrons
B. Increase the speed of neutrons
C. Cool down the reactor
D. Stop the nuclear reaction

2.Defect of colour blindness can be remedied by the use of
A. Concave lens
B. Convex lens
C. Cylindrical lens
D. None of the above

3. Deficiency of iron leads to
A. Anorexia
B. Anaemia
C. Polycythemia
D. Leucopenia

4. Given below are the names of four energy crops. Which one of them can be cultivated for ethanol?
A. Jatropha
B. Maize
C. Pongania
D. Sunflower

5. Radioactivity is measured by
A. Geiger-Muller counter
B. Polarimeter
C. Calorimeter
D. Colorimeter

6. What does airbag, used for safety of car driver, contain?
A. Sodium bicarbonate
B. Sodium azide
C. Sodium nitrite
D. Sodium peroxide

7. The time taken by the Sun to revolve around the center of our galaxy is
A. 50 mn years
B. 100 mn years
C. 250 mn years
D. 365 mn years

8. Which of the following is a water -borne diseases?
A. Viral hepatitis B
B. Cholera
C. Dengu
D. Influenza

9. Which of the following crops is of Kharif season?
A. Soyabean
B. Linseed
C. Lentil
D. Mustard

10. When an ant bites a person, which irritating chemical it (ant) injects into his (person) body?
A. Acetic acid
B. Citric acid
C. Tartaric acid
D. Formic acid

Answers Key:

Air India Recruitment 2015 - 351 Trainee Cabin Crew & Aircraft Maintenance Engineer

Air India Limited is looking for bright and energetic Indian National young boys and girls to join as Trainee Cabin Crew for its immediate following requirement in Northern, Western, Eastern and Southern Regions on a fixed term engagement, for an initial period of five years and to maintain a wait list for future requirements.



A. AGE Between 18 and 27 years (Relaxable upto 5 years in case of SC/ST and 3 years in case of OBC categories)


10+2 from a recognized Board/University Candidates who are three years’ Degree/Diploma Holder in Hotel Management and Catering Technology from a Government recognized Institute will be given preference.


Eligible candidates would be required to go through a Group Dynamics & Personality Assessment Test (GD & PAT) at the venues as decided by Air India Limited. GD & PAT shall be conducted in phases and candidates who qualify the same and fall in the applicable zone of consideration, will appear for a Written Test.


Start Date for submission of Online Application : 11th September 2015
Last Date for submission of Online Application : 6th October 2015

Candidates will be required to refer to Career page of our Website: for latest Updates on selection process.

Question Paper of UP Lekhpal 2015

List of cities in UP famous city in uttar pradesh capital city of uttar pradesh and their town planning and development act 1973 uttar pradesh towns list Uttar Pradesh main town and cities surname

Prayagraj (Allahabad) Sangam Nagari , Kumbh nagari , Theerthraj , Amrood nagari.
Malihabad (Lucknow) Mango city
Gorakhpur: Gorakhdham , Nath nagar , Geeta press nagar
UP Chakbandi Lekhpal Kanpur: Skin city , Industrial city , Manchestor of India.
Gaziayabad: Choti Delhi , Industrial city
Ayodhya:Teerth nagar , Ramnagar , Ram Janm Bhoomi
Meerut:Scissor City , Revolution City
Kannuj:Scent City , Beautifull Smell City,
Gazipur:Sistor Of Kashi
Rampur:Navabo ka shahar , Knife City
Agra:Taj city , Sweet City
Feerozabad:Suhag nagari , Bangal City
Mathura:Krishna city , peda nagar , brahaman City
Aligarh:Lock city
Bareily:Bamboo bareily , Surma nagari
Lucknow:Nawabo ka shahar , Garden City.
Muradabad:Copper city , Utensil City
Varanasi:Vishwanath City , mukti nagar , Ghaato ka nagar.
Jounpur:Shheraz – E – Hind

Question Paper of UP Lekhpal 2015 by Manoj Singh

Books For UP LEKHPAL Exam

UP Lekhpal Question Paper Exam Practice Sets 2015

1. The state which touch the maximum Line of Uttar Pradesh is Madhya Pradesh
2. The state which touch the minimum Line of Uttar Pradesh is Himachal Pradesh
3. The district of UP which touch the maximum line of other states of India Sonbhadra
4. The state which touch the UP districts Sonbhadra are MP , Bihar , Chhattisgarh , Jharkhand
5. The districts of up which touch the line of Haryana , Himachal and Uttarakhand is Saharanpur
6. Central Authorized state which touch Uttar Pradesh is Delhi
7. The country which touch the Uttar Pradesh line Nepal
8. Main state language of Uttar Pradesh Hindi , Second—Urdu

State Animal—12 Horn Deer(Barah Singha)
State Birds—Saras , Kronch
State Tree of Uttar Pradesh—Ashoka
State Flower –Palash

First Persons: 

First Governor(Rajyapal of Uttar Pradesh) is Smt Sarojini Naidu
First Minister of Uttar Pradesh is Pandit Govind Bhai Vallabh Patel
First Women Minister of Uttar Pradesh is Sucheta Kriplani
First Legislative Secretary of Uttar Pradesh is Rajshi Purushottam Das Tandon
First Moderator(Chairmen) of Legislative Council of UP Chandra pal
First Lokayukt of Uttar Pradesh is Vishva bhar Dayal
First Information Commission of Uttar Pradesh is Muhammad Asgar Khan
First Main Judge of Uttar Pradesh Judge kamala Kant Verma

Uttar Pradesh Airports and Their Location 

Amousi (Chaudhri Charan Singh) Airport Lucknow
Bareilly Airports Bareilly
Babatpur Airports Varanasi
Jhansi Airports Jhansi
Kheriya Airports Agra
Bamrauli Airports Allahabad
Fursat ganja Airports Raebareily
Hindun Airports Ghaziabad
Sarsava Airports Saharanpur
Chakeri airports Kanpur
Gorakhpur Air ports Gorakhpur

ISRO Recruitment 2015 – for 109 Scientist/ Engineer Posts

Indian Space Research Organisation [ISRO] is a Research and Development organisation engaged in application of Space Science and Technology for the benefit of society at large and for serving the nation by achieving self-reliance and developing capacity to design and build Launch Vehicles and Communication/Remote Sensing Satellites and thereafter launch them. ISRO strives to serve the nation in the areas of television broadcast, telecommunication, meteorological application and in management of our natural resources. The Indian space programme continues to pursue successful goals on all fronts in meeting the objective of achieving self-reliance in space technology and its applications for national development.

ISRO offers the position of Scientist/Engineer `SC’ in the pay band of ₹15600-39100 with grade pay of ₹ 5400/- to the young graduates in the following specialized fields:-

Eligibility : BE/B.Tech or equivalent in First Class with an aggregate minimum of 65% (average of all semesters for which results are available). Candidates who are slated to complete the BE/B.Tech course in the academic year 2014-15 are also eligible to apply provided final Degree is available by 31/8/2015.

Age limit: 35 years as on 09.07.2015. Ex-Serviceman and Persons with Disabilities are eligible for age relaxation as per Govt. of India orders.

How to apply : The application for on-line registration will be hosted in the ISRO web-site between 19.06.2015 and 09.07.2015. Candidates may visit our web-site at to register their applications on-line between 19.06.2015 and 09.07.2015. Applications will be received on-line only. Upon registration, applicants will be provided with an on-line Registration Number, which should be carefully preserved for future reference. E-mail ID of the applicant will have to be given in the application compulsorily. The on-line application has to be invariably followed-up with a `No Objection Certificate’ from the employer concerned, by those already in employment under Central/State Government, Public Sector Undertakings or Autonomous Bodies, duly indicating the name and Reg. No. on the reverse.

Application Fee : There will be an Application Fee of ₹100/- (Rupees One Hundred Only) for each application.

Previous year paper and books for FCI ASSISTANT GRADE-III EXAM

In my last post I discussed on FCI Recruitment 2015, As Assistant Grade-III jobs have been made available by FCI - and you can definitely grab one of them, if you prepare seriously for the written exam. In this article I am going to discuss  about Preparation materials , Books and previous year paper for FCI Assistant Grade-III Exam 2015. 

Date of FCI Assistant Grade-III Exam 2015 has still not been decided and hence it is the best time to start your preparation. Early bird gets the worm, is not it?

Pattern of FCI Assistant Grade-III Exam 2015:

If you are apply for the Assistant Grade-III posts then there are lot of question comes to your mind like -- Which and how many papers you have to appear in this FCI exam, what type of Question comes , Syllabus of FCI exam. The exam pattern given in the notification makes that very confusing, specially as it is being held for many other posts, besides the Assistant Grade-III.

For AG-III (General) or AG-III (Depot) there is only one exam paper - Paper-I.But if you are targeting AG-III (Accounts) or AG-III (Technical), you have to appear in two papers - Paper-I and Paper-II. 

Paper-I is a General Aptitude paper and Paper-II is a Technical paper.Paper-II is specific to the post you are applying for. For example, Paper-II for AG-III (Accounts) would contain questions on Commerce while the same paper for AG-III (Technical) would contain questions on Biological Sciences.
In each of these two papers, there are 120 questions, each worth 1 mark, which has to be answered within the duration of 1-1/2 hour (i.e. 90 minutes).
FCI in its notification has not said what are the sections within the General Aptitude paper But as expected its very similar to the IBPS Bank PO CWE exam

FCI Assistant Grade-III Exam 2015 Syllabus: 

Syllabus of Paper-I (Duration-90 minutes)

120 Multiple Choice Questions of General Aptitude consisting Reasoning, Data Analysis, English Language, Computer Proficiency, General Awareness, General Intelligence, Current Events, Numerical Ability, Data Interpretation.

Syllabus of Paper-II (Duration-90 minutes):

For candidates applying for AG-III (Accounts):
120 Multiple Choice Questions on Commerce particularly General Accounting and Finance to assess the post specific technical knowledge of relevant stream.

For candidates applying for AG-III (Technical):
120 Multiple Choice Questions on Biological Sciences to assess the post specific technical knowledge of relevant stream.

Previous Years Exam Paper for FCI Assistant Exam:

I has searched on the net for old exam papers of this exam and could find only one genuine paper, which has been posted by You can click here to download this previous years exam paper.
But as I said above, you can also use the sample/previous years exam papers of IBPS CWE PO Exam to prepare. You can click here to find the find the IBPS CWE PO Exam Papers.

Book for FCI Assistant Grade-III Exam :

I am on the look out for some more study materials for FCI Assistant Grade-III Exam and would post the same here. So keep coming back. And again.

Food Corporation of India Vacancies


The Food Corporation of India (FCI), one of the largest Public Sector Undertakings, dealing with food grain supply chain management, invites application for the Post of Junior Engineer (JE) (Civil Engineering / Electrical Engineering / Mechanical Engineering), Assistant Grade-II (Hindi), Typist (Hindi) and Assistant Grade-III (General / Accounts / Technical / Depot) for manning posts in its Depots and Offices spread all over the Country. Only ONLINE APPLICATIONS are invited from eligible candidates who fulfill the prescribed qualifications, age, experience etc. for the posts indicated below:-

Name of the Vacancy:

1. Jr. Engineer (Civil/ Electrical/ Mechanical): 88 Posts
Education Qualification: B.E./ B.Tech./ Diploma (Civil/ Electrical/ Mechanical).

2. Assistant Grade-2 (Hindi): 54 Posts
Education Qualification: Degree with Hindi as the main subject. Proficiency in English. One year experience.

3. Typist (Hindi): 98 Posts
Education Qualification: Graduate. 30 wpm speed in Hindi Typing.

4. Assistant Grade-III (General/ Technical/ Depot): 3958 Posts
Education Qualification: Graduate in any discipline/ Bachelor of Commerce/ B.Sc. in Agriculture/ B.Sc. (Botany/ Zoology/ Biotechnology/ Bio-Chemistry/ Microbiology/ Food Science)/ B.Tech./ B.E. etc.,

Tentative Schedule of FCI Recruitment

computer knowledge for competitive exams (ER - modal)

In my last post i have discussed basic DBMS terminology now in this post i am going to discuss Entity relationship model. ER-modal related question asked in every IT exam and these are basic to understand database

Entity relationship model defines the conceptual view of database. It works around real world entity and association among them. At view level, ER model is considered well for designing databases.
Entity - A real-world thing  that can be easily identifiable and distinguishable. For example, in a school database, student, teachers, class and course offered can be considered as entities. 

Attributes - Entities are represented by means of their properties, called attributes. All attributes have values. For example, a student entity may have name, class, age as attributes.


  1. Simple attributeSimple attributes are atomic values, which cannot be divided further. For example, student's phone-number is an atomic value of 10 digits. 
  2. Composite attributeComposite attributes are made of more than one simple attribute. For example, a student's complete name may have first_name and last_name. 
  3.  Derived attributeDerived attributes are attributes, which do not exist physical in the database, but there values are derived from other attributes presented in the database. For example, average_salary in a department should be saved in database instead it can be derived. For another example, age can be derived from data_of_birth. 
  4.  Single-valued attributeSingle valued attributes contain on single value. For example: Social_Security_Number. 
  5.  Multi-value attributeMulti-value attribute may contain more than one values. For example, a person can have more than one phone numbers, email_addresses etc. 

 - The association among entities is called relationship.
 Relationships are represented by diamond shaped box. Name of the relationship is written in the diamond-box. All entities (rectangles), participating in relationship, are connected to it by a line.


A relationship where two entities are participating, is called a binary relationship. Cardinality is the number of instance of an entity from a relation that can be associated with the relation.

  1. One-to-one  When only one instance of entity is associated with the relationship, it is marked as '1'. 
  2. One-to-many  When more than one instance of entity is associated with the relationship, it is marked as 'N'. 
  3.  Many-to-one When more than one instance of entity is associated with the relationship, it is marked as 'N'.  

  1.  Total Participation: Each entity in the entity is involved in the relationship. Total participation is represented by double lines. 
  2.  Partial participation: Not all entities are involved in the relation ship. Partial participation is represented by single line. 

Key is an attribute or collection of attributes that uniquely identifies an entity among entity set. For example, roll_number of a student makes her/him identifiable among students.

  • Super Key: Set of attributes (one or more) that collectively identifies an entity in an entity set. 
  • Candidate Key: Minimal super key is called candidate key that is, supers keys for which no proper subset are a superkey. An entity set may have more than one candidate key. 
  • Primary Key: This is one of the candidate key chosen by the database designer to uniquely identify the entity set.

An entity set that does not have a primary key is referred to as a weak entity set. The existence of a weak entity set depends on the existence of a identifying entity set .In entity relationship diagrams a weak entity set is indicated by a bold (or double-lined) rectangle (the entity) connected by a bold (or double-lined) type arrow to a bold (or double-lined) diamond (the relationship).
In my next Post I am going to diccuss generalization and specialization. 

Advent of Europeans in India (History for SSC)

1.) Arrival of Portuguese in India:

It was the Colonial who first discovered an immediate sea route to India. Portuguese sailor Vasco da Gama attained Calicut an important sea port upon the South-West India on May well 20, 1498 AD. Double Zamorin, the local rule received him and presented on him certain privileges. After staying in India for any period of three months Vasco da Gama returned having a rich cargo which he sold inside the European market at the exorbitant price- 60 times the money necessary for his voyage.

But soon Vasco da Gama delivered to India for your second time in 1501 AD. He set up some sort of trading factory at Cannanore. With establishment of trade backlinks, Calicut, Cannanore and Cochin emerged the significant Portuguese stores in India. Arab traders became jealous from the rise and success from the Portuguese and hence caused enmity bred between the Portuguese and the nearby king Zamorin. The hostilities grew and generated full- fledged military face- away from between them. King Zamorin was defeated from the Portuguese. With the success over Zamorin, the military superiority from the Portuguese was established.

 Rise of Portuguese power In India:

In 1505 AD, Francisco de Almeida was appointed as the first Portuguese governor throughout India. His policy being centric for you to controlling the Indian Ocean was generally known as the Blue Water Insurance policy. Alfonso de Albuquerque who replaced Almeida as the governor in 1509 AD, and captured Goa in the Sultan of Bijapur in 1510 AD is the real founder of the particular Portuguese power in India. Goa subsequently became the headquarters from the Portuguese settlements in India.

Portuguese hold over the particular coastal areas and fineness in naval power made it easier for them significantly. By the tip of the 16th centuries, the Portuguese captured not just Goa, Daman, Diu, and Salsette but also a vast stretches across the Indian coast.

Decline of Portuguese Power:

But the Portuguese go up in Indian had a shorter life as the completely new rival trading communities from Europe posed an enormous challenge to them. Struggle among various rival trading blocs ensued through which Portuguese had to give way to the more powerful and enterprising competitors progressively rendering them an atrophied thing.

Major Reasons of Diminish of Portuguese power:

Among the many reasons for the decrease of Portuguese power throughout India include Portugal currently being too small a country to maintain the huge burden of any trading colony located in the far off land, their image as infamous sea pirates created enmity inside the minds of the indigenous rulers and last but not the least Portuguese firm religious policy made them the unpopular among the Muslims together with Hindus of India. Besides the arrival of the Dutch and the British in India finally became nemesis from the Portuguese. Ironically, the Colonial, who first arrived India, were the last to withdraw from throughout 1961 AD when government entities of India recaptured Goa, Daman and Diu from them.

i. The Portuguese failed to evolve an efficient system of administration.
ii. Their religious intolerance provoked the hostility of the Indian rulers and the people.
iii. Their clandestine practises in trade went against them, one of which was the Cartaze system by which every Indian ship sailing to a destination not reserved by the Portuguese for their own trade had to buy passes from the Portuguese Viceroy to avoid seizures and confiscation of its merchandise as contraband.
iv. The discovery of Brazil drew the colonising activities of Portugal to the west.
v. The Portuguese failed to compete successfully with the other European companies.

2. ) Arrival of the Dutch:

The people regarding Holland (present Netherlands) tend to be called the Dutch. Alongside the Portuguese, the Dutch set their feet throughout India. Historically the Dutch are already experts in sea buy and sell. In 1602, the United East India Company from the Netherlands was formed and given permission from the Dutch government to trade inside the East Indies including India.

Rise of the Dutch:

In 1605, Admiral Van der Hagen established Dutch Factory at Masulipatam. Another factory was founded at Pettapoli (Nizamapatanam), Devanampatinam (Tegnapatam, called fort St. David later under the British). In 1610, upon negotiating with the King of Chandragiri, the Dutch were permitted to found another factory at Pulicat which was fortified and named as Fort Geldria. Other commodities exported by the Dutch were indigo, saltpetre and Bengal raw silk.

The credit for making Indian textiles the premier export from India goes to the Dutch. Textiles woven according to special patterns sent from Bantam and Batavia, constituted the chief export of the Coromandel ports. Indigo was exported from Masulipatam.

Apart from spice, the chief articles of import to the Coromandel were pepper and sandal­wood from the archipelago, textiles from China and copper from Japan. In 1617, the chief of Pulicat became the Governor and Pulicat was the headquarters of the Dutch in India below the Governor- General in Batavia. Negapatam on the Tanjore coast acquired from the Portuguese in 1659 super­seded Pulicat as the seat of Governor and as the strategic centre of the Coromandelin 1689.

In 1616 Pieter Van den Broecke got from the governor the permission to erect a factory at Surat. The director­ate of Surat proved to be one of the most profitable establishment of the Dutch Company.

Factories were organised at Broach, Bombay, Ahmedabad, Agra and Burhanpur. Bimlipatam (1641), Karikal (1645), Chinsura (1653) where the Dutch constructed Fort Gustavus, Kasimbazar, Baranagore, Patna, Balasore (1658) and Cochin (1663) were other important Dutch factories in India By supplanting the Portuguese, the Dutch practically maintained a monopoly of the spice trade in the East throughout the 17th Century

Dutch Coinage:

The Dutch, throughout their stay in India, tried their on the job the minting of coinages. While their trade flourished they will established mints at Cochin, Masulipattam, Nagapatam Pondicherry along with Pulicat. Even more, Gold pagoda having an image of Lord Venkateswara, (god Vishnu) was issued at Pulicat mint. The coins issued from the Dutch were all modelled around the local coinages.

Decline of Dutch Power:

Dutch presence around the Indian subcontinent lasted from 1605 AD to 1825 AD. The rise of the British power inside the Eastern trade posed serious challenge towards the commercial interest of the Dutch resulting in bloody warfare between them through which Britishers were the clear winners as a result of huge resources at the disposal. The brutal killing regarding some English traders from the Dutch in Amboyna throughout 1623 further aggravated your situation. The Britishers one after another captured Dutch strongholds.

Rout regarding Dutch power in Malabar area:

Amidst the saga regarding Dutch -Anglo -rivalry Travancore full Marthanda Varma gave a fatal blow towards the Dutch East India Company inside the battle of Colachel in 1741 AD resulting in complete rout of Dutch power in Malabar area.

Treaties and compromise using the British:

Although the Anglo-Dutch Treaty was signed in 1814 AD which facilitated restoration regarding Dutch Coromandel and Dutch Bengal to Dutch rule nonetheless they again were returned to British regime much like the clause and the provisions from the Anglo-Dutch Treaty of 1824 AD which caused it to be binding on the Dutch to be sure all transfers of house and establishments till/on Goal 1, 1825 AD. By the middle of 1825 AD, therefore, the particular Dutch had forfeited the all trading posts throughout India.

In the ensuing compromise the well known items happened. Both the parties reached a compromise in 1667 AD by which the Britishers, on the cornerstone of give and get formula, agreed to completely withdraw from Indonesia for the Dutch who, in returning, retired from India for you to trade in Indonesia.

3. ) Danish Colonial Possessions in India:

Danish refers to something from or linked to Denmark. Denmark held colonial items in India for 225 several years. The Danish colonies throughout India included the towns of Tranquebar(Tamil Nadu)Serampore (West Bengal) and the Nicobar Islands.

Establishment regarding Danish Trade Monopoly:

It was the Dutch adventurer Marcelis de Boshouwer which provided the impetus for Danish involvement inside the Indian sub-continent. He wanted military assistance up against the Portuguese with a promise of monopoly on all trades towards the assisting party. His charm convinced Christian IV, the particular King of Denmark-Norway which subsequently issued a charter in 1616 granting the particular Danish East India Business a monopoly on buy and sell between Denmark and Japan for twelve years.

Danish Chartered Organizations:

There were two Danish chartered companies. The first company -Danish Eastern side India Company -operated between 1616 AD and 1650 AD. Danish East India Company in conjunction with Swedish East India Business imported more tea as opposed to British East India Company and smuggled the vast majority of it into England, where it sold in a huge profit. The company was dissolved in 1650 AD. The second company persisted between 1670 AD along with 1729 AD, and in 1730 AD it was re-founded as the Asiatic Business. It was granted a 40-year monopoly by way of a royal license on all Danish trade east from the Cape of Good Expect in 1732 AD. Till 1750 AD, 27 cruises from India were routed, with 22 of them survived the journey for you to Copenhagen. But the company lost its monopoly throughout 1772 AD.

Serampore Mission Press:

It is worth -mentioning of which Serampore Mission Press – some sort of historical landmark-was established at Serampore from the Danish missionaries in 1799 AD. Between 1801 AD along with 1832 AD the Serampore Mission Press printed 212, 000 replicates of books in forty different languages.

End of Danish colonies in India:

During the Napoleonic Competitions (1803 AD–1815 AD) the particular British invaded Danish shipment, and devastated the Danish Eastern side India Company's India buy and sell and ultimately captured Danish colonies, making them component of British India. The previous Danish colonial post Serampore was ceded to Britain by simply Denmark in 1845 AD.